Located in the Western arm of the Rift Valley near the Congo-Rwanda border and Lake Kivu. It is known for its lava lake and producing lateral eruptions with fast-moving lava flows that repeatedly devastate areas around the volcano, such as the Goma for example the disaster of January 2002, when a lava flow destroyed much of the city’s commercial center and prompted 200,000 people to flee.
Nyiragongo is one of the active volcanoes found on the western arm of the rift valley, it is a large volcano situated near Lake Kivu at the eastern border of Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda in the Virunga National Park.
Its caldera has a diameter of 1.2 Km making it the world’s most active and largest lava lake. In 2002, Nyiragongo erupted and the lava lake drained in Goma town (the capital of the East Virunga province), 200,000 people were left homeless, adding to the human disaster caused by frequent civil wars. The large lava lake, now active again, became famous in the 1960’s and 70’s and January 2002, when in when lava flows from flank vents drained the lake and cut through Goma, reaching Lake Kivu.
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